Caroline Smith


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PHD, MSC
Executive committee member, NICM
Professor clinical research, NICM
Research theme champion health and wellbeing, Western Sydney University


Professor Caroline Smith joined NICM, following 10 years of research and clinical practice at universities in South Australia. She is an experienced clinical researcher Carolineand acupuncture practitioner specialising in women's health and reproductive health. Professor Smith has a background in evidence based research in relation to acupuncture, complementary therapies, integration of Chinese medicine and biomedical research protocols, predominantly in the areas of women's health. She has extensive experience in the design, conduct and analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Professor Smith has received funding from four project grants from the National Health and Medical Research Council. She has a significant track record in obtaining funding from other industry and national funding agencies.

Professor Smith has undertaken 24 studies in the complementary medicine field, with a focus primarily on acupuncture, and aligned to NICM's research clinical priority and theme, Healthy women: promoting sexual and reproductive health.  She has a proven track record of research output, and with the conduct of large randomised controlled trials. Professor Smith has published over 110 publications in peer reviewed medical and complementary medicine journals, including high impact journals.

She was awarded the Western Sydney University Vice-Chancellor's Excellence Awards 2015, Excellence in Research, and was also awarded highly commended for Excellence in Postgraduate Research Training and Supervision.


Research focus

  • Women's health
  • Cancer
  • Mixed methods research
  • Acupuncture
  • Mental health

Awards and recognitions

  • 2015 Western Sydney University Vice-Chancellor's Excellence Awards 2015, Excellence in Research
  • 2015 Western Sydney University Vice-Chancellor's Excellence Awards 2015, highly commended for Excellence in Postgraduate Research Training and Supervision
  • 2009 National Institute of Complementary Medicine Research Excellence Awards: Award for Translational Research.
  • 2005 Supported teaching award, University of South Australia

Four reviews have been included in national and international clinical guidelines:

  1. Queensland Maternity and Neonatal Clinical Guidelines Program. Normal birth. (MN12.25-V1-R17). Brisbane: Queensland Health; 2012. http://www.health.qld.gov.au/qcg/documents/g_normbirth.pdf (opens in a new window) Smith C, Collins C, Cyna A, Crowther C. Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour. This has also been published in the National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health; National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)  guideline (CG70).
  2. ESHRE Endometriosis Guideline Development Group. Management of women with endometriosis: guideline of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology; September 2013: http://www.eshre.eu/Guidelines-and-Legal/Guidelines/Endometriosis-guideline.aspx (opens in a new window): Smith CA, Zhu X, He L, Song J. Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 1.
  3. Adult depression in primary care. Bloomington (MN): Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI); 2013 September. Smith CA, Hay PPJ, MacPherson H. Acupuncture for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 1.
  4. Non-pharmaceutical management of depression in adults.  published  in the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network.   Smith CA, Hay PPJ, MacPherson H. Acupuncture for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 1.

Projects and grants

Professor Smith's research has been supported by numerous external funding agencies including government, NHMRC, industry and professional associations.

See a full list of past and current projects (opens in a new window)


Education

  • 2001 Doctor of Philosophy, University of Adelaide
  • 1985 Master Medical Demography, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London

Publications

2016

Smith CA. Acupuncture in pregnancy in Acupuncture in Medicine: a Western scientific approach. 2016. Second edition, Elsevier.

Fogarty S, Smith C, Hay P, 2016, The role of complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of eating disorders : a systematic review, Eating Behaviors, 21: 179-188.

Smith CA, Fogarty S. A survey of study participants' understanding of informed consent to participate in a randomised controlled trial of acupuncture. BMC Complem Altern M. 2016;16(10). DOI: 10.1186/s12906-015-0975-y.

Smith CA, Armour M, Ee C. Complementary therapies and medicines and reproductive medicine. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine. 2016(Issue Theme Lifestyle in Reproductive Medicine). DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1571194.

Ormsby SM, Smith Caroline A, Dahlen HG, Hay PJ, Lind JM. Evaluation of an antenatal acupuncture intervention as an adjunct therapy for antenatal depression (AcuAnteDep): study protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2016;17(93):1-14. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-016-1204-9.

de Manincor M, Bensoussan A, Smith CA, Barr K, Schweikle M, Donoghoe L, Bourchier S, Fahey P. Individualized yoga for reducing depression and anxiety, and improving well-being: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2016, 33:816-828.

MacDonald J, Smith CA, Xue CC, Cripps A,. Acupuncture reduced house dust mite specific IgE, SP and symptoms in persistent allergic rhinitis.  Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 2016.

Smith CA, Chang E, Brownhill S, Barr K. Complementary medicine health literacy among a population of older Australians living in retirement villages: a mixed methods study" Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2016; 5672050.

Urroz P, Colagiuri B, Smith CA, Yeung A, Cheema BS. Effect of acupuncture and instruction on physiological recovery from maximal exercise: a balanced-placebo controlled trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2016) 16:227. DOI 10.1186/s12906-016-1213.

Levett KM, Smith CA, Bensoussan A, Dahlen HG.  Complementary therapies for labour and birth study: a randomised controlled trial of antenatal integrative medicine for pain management in labour. BMJ Open 2016;6:e010691.

Levett K, Smith CA, Bensoussan A, Dahlen H. The Complementary Therapies for Labour and Birth Study: Making sense of labour and birth - experiences of women, partners and midwives of a complementary medicine antenatal education course Midwifery 2016; 40; 124–131.

Vizza L, Smith CA, Swaraj S, Agho K, Cheema BS. The feasibility of progressive resistance training in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A pilot randomized controlled trial.  BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2016 8:14. DOI 10.1186/s13102-016-0039-8

Armour A, Dahlen HG, Smith CA.  "More than needles: the importance of explanations and self-care advice in treating primary dysmenorrhea with acupuncture." Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.  2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3467067

Cochrane S, Smith CA, Possamai-Inesedy A, Bensoussan A. Prior to Conception: the role of an acupuncture protocol in improving women's reproductive functioning assessed by a pilot pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Evidence based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2016, Article ID 3587569. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3587569

Smith CA, Armour M, Zhu X, Li X, Lu ZY, Song J. Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD007854. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007854.pub3

Yaser A, Slewa-Younan S, Smith CA, Uribe MG, Olson R, Mond J. Beliefs and knowledge about post-traumatic stress disorder amongst resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. International Journal of Mental Health Systems. 2016 10:31. DOI 10.1186/s13033-016-0065-7.

2015

Barr K, Smith C, A., De Lacey SL. Participation in a randomised controlled trial of acupuncture as an adjunct to in vitro fertilisation: the views of study patients and acupuncturists. Eur J Integr Med. 2015. doi: 10.1016/j.eujim.2015.10.006.

Hewett ZL, Cheema BS, Pumpa KL, Smith CA. The effects of Bikram Yoga on health: Critical review and clinical trial recommendations. Evid-Based Complem Alt. 2015;2015:1-13. DOI: 10.1155/2015/428427.

Fogarty S, Smith CA. Evaluating research information on practitioner websites describing the use of acupuncture as an adjunct to IVF. Eur J Integr Med. 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.eujim.2015.07.025 (In press)

McKeon C, Smith CA, Gibbons K, Hardy J. EA versus sham acupuncture and no acupuncture for the control of acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: a pilot study. Acupunct Med. Online May 27, 2015. DOI: 10.1136/acupmed-2015-010781.

de Manincor M, Bensoussan A, Smith C, Fahey P, Bourchier S. Establishing key components of yoga interventions for reducing depression, anxiety and improving well-being: a Delphi method study. BMC Complem Altern M. 2015;15(85):1-10. DOI: 10.1186/s12906-015-0614-7.

Grant SJ, Smith CA, Ac L, de Silva N, Su C. Defining the quality of acupuncture: The case of acupuncture for cancer-related fatigue. Integr Cancer Ther. 2015;14(3):258-70. DOI: 10.1177/1534735415572879.

Cao H, Yang G, Wang Y, Liu JP, Smith CA, Luo H, et al. Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris. Cochrane DB Syst Rev. 2015(1):1-139. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009436.pub2.

Levett K, Smith CA, Bensoussan A, Dahlen H, Schmied V. The complete birth study: Complementary therapies for labour and birth: Can we reduce epidural rates in first time mothers? Super Midwives - Making a Difference, Australian College of Midwives, 19th Biennial Conference; 5-8 October, 2015; Gold Coast, Australia. Women and Birth: 28, S27; 2015. DOI:10.1016/j.wombi.2015.07.092

2014

Arentz S, Abbott JA, Smith CA, Bensoussan A. Herbal medicine for the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and associated oligo/amenorrhoea and hyperandrogenism: A review of the laboratory evidence for effects with corroborative clinical findings. BMC Complem Altern M. 2014;14:511. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-511.

Arentz S, Smith CA, Abbott JA, Bensoussan A. A survey of the use of complementary medicine by a self-selected community group of Australian women with polycystic ovary syndrome. BMC Complem Altern M. 2014;14:472. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-472.

Smith CA, Pirotta M, Kilbreath S. A feasibility study to examine the role of acupuncture to reduce symptoms of lymphoedema after breast cancer: a randomised controlled trial. Acupunct Med. 2014. DOI: 10.1136/acupmed-2014-010593.

Smith CA, Armour M, Betts D. Treatment of women's reproductive health conditions by Australian and New Zealand acupuncturists. Complement Ther Med. 2014;22(4):710-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2014.06.001.

Smith CA, Coyle ME, de Lacey S, Johnson NP. Evidence-based research and practice: attitudes of reproduction nurses, counsellors and doctors. Reprod Biomed Online. 2014;29:3-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2014.03.014.

Smith C, Fogarty S, Touyz S, Madden S, Buckett G, Hay P. Acupuncture and acupressure and massage health outcomes for patients with Anorexia Nervosa: Findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial and patient interviews. J Altern Complem Med. 2014;20(2):103-12. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2013.0142.

Smith CA, Betts D. The practice of acupuncture and moxibustion to promote cephalic version for women with a breech presentation: Implications for clinical practice and research. Complementary Ther Med. 2014;22(1):75-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2013.12.005.

Betts D, Dahlen HG, Smith CA. A search for hope and understanding: An analysis of threatened miscarriage internet forums. Midwifery. 2014 30(2014):650–6. DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2013.12.011.

Cochrane S, Smith CA, Possamai-Inesedy A, Bensoussan A. Acupuncture and women's health: An overview of the role of acupuncture and its clinical management in women's reproductive health. Int J Womens Health. 2014;6:313-25. DOI: 10.2147/IJWH.S38969.

Levett K, Smith C, Dahlen H, Bensoussan A. Acupuncture and acupressure for pain management in labour and birth: A critical narrative review of current systematic review evidence. Complem Ther Med. 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2014.03.011.

Madden S, Fogarty S, Smith C. Alternative and complementary therapies in the treatment of eating disorders, addictions and substance use disorders. In: Brewerton TD, Dennis AB, editors. Eating disorders, addictions and substance use disorders: Research, clinical and treatment perspectives. Berlin; Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 625-47.

Betts D, Smith CA, Dahlen H. Well I'm safe because…" acupuncturists managing conflicting treatment recommendations when treating threatened miscarriage: A mixed methods study." J Altern Complement Med. 2014;20:838-845.

2013

Fogarty S, Smith CA, Touyz S, Madden S, Buckett G, Hay P. Patients with anorexia nervosa receiving acupuncture or acupressure; their view of the therapeutic encounter. Complement Ther Med. 2013;21(6):675-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2013.08.015.

Smith CA, Crowther CA, Grant SJ. Acupuncture for induction of labour (Review). Cochrane DB Syst Rev. 2013;2013(8):1-2. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002962.pub3.

Smith CA, Bateson DJ, Weisberg E. A survey describing the use of complementary therapies and medicines by women attending a family planning clinic. BMC Complem Altern M. 2013;13(1). DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-224.

Smith C, Carmady B, Thornton C, Perz J, Ussher JM. The effect of acupuncture on post-cancer fatigue and well-being for women recovering from breast cancer: A pilot randomised controlled trial. Acupunct Med. 2013;31(1):9-15. DOI: 10.1136/acupmed-2012-010228.

Smith C. Moxibustion for breech presentation: Significant new evidence (editorial). Acupunct Med. 2013;31:5-6. DOI: 10.1136/acupmed-2012-010288.

Quah-Smith I, Smith C, Crawford JD, Russell J. Laser acupuncture for depression: A randomised double blind controlled trial using low intensity laser intervention. J Affect Disorders. 2013; 148(2013).

McKeon C, Smith CA, Hardy J, Chang E. Acupuncture and acupressure for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: A systematic review. Aust J Acupunct Chin Med. 2013;8(1):2-27.

McDonald JL, Cripps AW, Smith PK, Smith CA, Xue CC, Golianu B. The anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture and their relevance to allergic rhinitis: A narrative review and proposed model. Evid-Based Complement Alt. 2013;2013:591796. DOI: 10.1155/2013/591796.

de Lacy S, Smith C. Acupuncture and infertility treatment: Is there more to the outcome for women than pregnancy? Med Acupunct. 2013;25(3):195 - 9. DOI: 10.1089/acu.2012.0903

Carmady B, Smith CA, Colagiuri B. A comparison of decision-making processes for conventional and complementary medicine in cancer patients. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2013;19(1):32-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2012.10.0 03.

2012

Zhang L, Koyyalamudi SR, Jeong SC, Reddy N, Smith PT, Ananthan R, et al. Antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities of polysaccharides from the roots of sanguisorba officinalis. Int J Biol Macromol. 2012;51(5):1057-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2012.08.019.

Zhang J, Xing D, Smith C. Clinical trial of acupuncture in need of an appropriate intervention and adequate sample size. Focus Altern Complement Ther. [Commentary on: Smith CA, Crowther CA, Petrucco O, Beilby J, Dent H. Acupuncture to treat primary dysmenorrhea in women: a randomized controlled trial.
Evid Based Complement Altern Med 2010: 612464.]. 2012;17(3):165-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-7166.2012.01163_1.x.

Urroz P, Colagiuri B, Smith CA, Cheema BS. Effect of acute acupuncture treatment on exercise performance and post-exercise recovery: A systematic review. J Altern Complem Med. 2012;19(1):9-16. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2011.0727.

Smith CA, Levett KM, Collins CT, Jones L. Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour. Cochrane DB Syst Rev. 2012; 2: Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009290.pub2/pdf/standard. (opens in a new window)

Smith CA, Grant SJ, Lyttleton J, Cochrane S. Using a Delphi consensus process to develop an acupuncture treatment protocol by consensus for women undergoing Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatment. BMC Complem Altern M. 2012;12(7):88-97. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-88.

Smith C, Ussher J, Perz J, Carmady B. The effect of acupuncture on post cancer fatigue and wellbeing for women recovering from breast cancer: A feasibility randomized control trial.  International Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health; 15-18 May, 2012; Portland, Oregon.: BMC Complem Altern M; 2012.

Smith C, De Lacey S, Chapman M, Ratcliffe J, Norman R, Johnson N, et al. Acupuncture to improve live birth rates for women undergoing in vitro fertilisation: A protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2012;13(1):60-6.

Smith C, Carmady B, Thornton C, Perz J, Ussher J. The effect of acupuncture on post-cancer fatigue and well-being for women recovering from breast cancer: A pilot randomised controlled trial. Acupunct Med. 2012;31(1):9-16. DOI: 10.1136/acupmed-2012-010228.

Qu F, Zhou J, Bovey M, Franconi G, Chan K, Smith C, et al. Does acupuncture improve the outcome of in vitro fertilization? Guidance for future trials. Eur J Integr Med. 2012;4(3):e234–e44. DOI: 10.1016/j.eujim.2012.07.978.

Gaziano JM, Sesso HD, Christen WG, Bubes V, Smith JP, MacFadyen J, et al. Multivitamins in the prevention of cancer in men: The physicians' health study II randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2012;308(18):1-10. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2012.14641.

Fan Q, Zhou J, Bovey M, Franconi G, Chan K, Smith C, et al. Does acupuncture improve the outcome of in vitro fertilization? Guidance for future trials. Eur J Integr Med. 2012;4(3):e234-e44. DOI: 10.1016/j.eujim.2012.07.978.

Coyle ME, Smith CA, Peat B. Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2012(5):1-43. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003928.pub3.

Colagiuri B, Smith CA. A systematic review of the effect of expectancy on treatment responses to acupuncture. Evid-Based Compl Alt. 2012;2012:1-12. DOI: 10.1155/2012/857804.

Cochrane S, Smith C, Possamai-Inesedy A. Understanding the practice of acupuncture with women with fertility problems: A qualitative approach. AJACM. 2012; 7(2): Available from: http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=966779955471056;res=IELHEA. (opens in a new window)

Betts D, Smith C, Dahlen H. Current practice amongst acupuncturists treating threatened miscarriage in Australia and New Zealand.  International Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 15-18 May 2012; Portland, Oregon.: Biomed Central; 2012. p. 388.

Betts D, Smith C, Dahlen H. Acupuncture as a therapeutic treatment option for threatened miscarriage. BMC Complem Altern M. 2012;12(1):20-7. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-20

2011

Smith CA, Zhu X, He L, Song J. Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011(1). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007854.pub2.

Smith CA, Crowther CA, Petrucco O, Beilby J, Dent H. Acupuncture to treat primary dysmenorrhea in women: A randomized controlled trial. Evid-Based Compl Alt. 2011;2011:612464 - 11. DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nep239.

Smith CA, Collins CT, Crowther CA, Levett KM. Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labour Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011(7). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009232.

Smith CA, Collins CT, Crowther CA. Aromatherapy for pain management in labour Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011; (8).

Smith C, Zaslawski C, Zheng Z, Cobbin D, Cochrane S, Lenon G, et al. Development of an instrument to assess the quality of acupuncture: Results from a Delphi process. J Altern Complem Med. 2011;17(5):441-52. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2010.0457.

Smith C, Ussher J, Perz J, Carmady B, S. DL. The effect of acupuncture on psychosocial outcomes for women experiencing infertility: A pilot randomized controlled trial. J Altern Complem Med. 2011;17(10):923-30. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2010.0380.

Smith C, Priest R, Carmady B, Bourchier S, Bensoussan A. The ethics of traditional Chinese and Western herbal medicine research: Views of researchers and human ethics committees in Australia. Evid-Based Compl Alt   2011:1-7. DOI: 10.1155/2011/256915.

Smith C, Levett K, Collins C, Crowther C. Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011(12). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009514.

Do C, Smith C, Dahlen H, Bisits A, Schmied V. Moxibustion for cephalic version: A feasibility randomised controlled trial. BMC Complem Altern M. 2011;11(1):81-90. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-11-81

de Lacey S, Smith C. Traditional Chinese Medicine. In: Kovacs G, editor. How to improve your ART success rates: an evidence based review of adjuncts to IVF. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press; 2011.

Cochrane S, Smith CA, Possamai-Inesedy A. Development of a fertility acupuncture protocol: Defining an acupuncture treatment protocol to support and treat women experiencing conception delays. J Altern Complem Med. 2011;17(4):329-37. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2010.0190.

Carmady B, Smith C. Use of Chinese medicine by cancer patients: A review of surveys. Chin Med. 2011;6(1):22-30. DOI: 10.1186/1749-8546-6-22.

2010

Zhu X, Proctor M, Bensoussan A, Smith CA, Wu E, Wiebrecht A. Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2010(4). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005288.pub3.

Smith CA, Hay PP, Macpherson H. Acupuncture for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2010(1). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004046.pub3.

Smith CA, Collins CT, Cyna AM, Crowther CA. Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2010(4). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003521.pub2.

Smith CA, Carmady B. Acupuncture to treat common reproductive health complaints: An overview of the evidence. Auton Neurosci. 2010;157(1–2):52-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.autneu.2010.03.013.

Smith C, Grimmer-Somers K. The treatment effect of exercise programmes for chronic low back pain. J Eval Clin Pract. 2010;16(3):484-91. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2009.01174.x.

Smith C. Ginger reduces severity of nausea in early pregnancy compared with vitamin B6, and the two treatments are similarly effective for reducing number of vomiting episodes. Evid Based Nurs. 2010 April 1, 2010;13(2):40. DOI: 10.1136/ebn1039.

Kovarova P, Smith C, Turnbull D. An exploration study of the effect of acupuncture on self-efficacy for women seeking fertility support. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. 2010;5.

2009

Smith CA, Cochrane S. Does acupuncture have a place as an adjunct treatment during pregnancy? A review of randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. Birth. 2009;36(3):246-53. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-536X.2009.00329.x

Smith C, He L, Zhu X, Song J. Acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2009.

Smith C, Dahlen H. Caring for the pregnant woman and her baby in a changing maternity service environment: The role of acupuncture. Acupunct Med. 2009; 27(3): Available from: http://search.proquest.com/docview/217515066. (opens in a new window)

Smith C, Coyle M, Norman RJ. Does acupuncture improve the endometrium for women undergoing an embryo transfer: A pilot randomised controlled trial AJACM. 2009; 4(1): Available from: http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=400144039383865;res=IELHEA. (opens in a new window)

Smith C. Authors' reply. In: Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, editor.2009. p. 113-4.

Kovarova P, Smith C, Turnbull D. Abstracts of the 13th Annual Congress of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand.  13th Annual Congress of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ09); Darwin Convention Centre, Darwin, Australia. 2009.

Eslick GD, Howe PRC, Smith C, Priest R, Bensoussan A. Benefits of fish oil supplementation in hyperlipidemia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Cardiol. 2009;136(1):4-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.03.092.

de Lacey S, Smith CA, Paterson C. Building resilience: A preliminary exploration of women's perceptions of the use of acupuncture as an adjunct to In Vitro Fertilisation. BMC Complem Altern M. 2009;9(1). DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-9-50

2008

Zhu X, Proctor M, Bensoussan A, Wu E, Smith CA. Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2008(2). DOI: 10. 1002/ 14651858. CD 00 52 88 . pub3 .

Zhu X, Proctor M, Bensoussan A, Smith C, Wu E. Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea. AJACM. 2008;3(1):37-52

Smith CA, Crowther CA, Collins CT, Coyle ME. Acupuncture to induce labor: A randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;112(5):1067-74.

Smith CA. Acupuncture as an adjunct treatment at the time of embryo transfer: A review of the current systematic reviews. AJACM. 2008; 3(2): Available from: http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=423863811795554;res=IELHEA. (opens in a new window)

Park J, Linde K, Manheimer E, Molsberger A, Sherman K, Smith C, et al. The status and future of acupuncture clinical research. J Altern Complem Med. 2008;14(7):871-81. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2008.SAR-4.

2007

Zhu X, Proctor M, Bensoussan A, Wu E, Smith CA. Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2007. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005288.pub3.

Tang BM, Eslick GD, Nowson C, Smith C, Bensoussan A. Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: A meta-analysis. Lancet. 2007; 370(9588): Available from: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-34548047185&partnerID=40&md5=bbf83dc3be4ee18db69330070a091ae6. (opens in a new window)

Tang BM, Eslick GD, Nowson C, Smith C, Bensoussan A. Calcium and vitamin D for prevention of osteoporotic fractures - Authors' reply. Lancet 2007. p. 2099.

Stankiewicz M, Smith C, Alvino H, Norman R. The use of complementary medicine and therapies by patients attending a reproductive medicine unit in South Australia: A prospective survey. ANZJOG. 2007;47:145- 9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2007.00702.x.

Smith C, Kumar S, Causby R. The effectiveness of non-surgical interventions in the treatment of Charcot foot. Int J Evid Based Healthc. 2007;5(4):437-99. DOI: 10.1111/j.1479-6988.2007.00081.x.

Smith C, Hancock H, Blake-Mortimer J, Eckert K. A randomised comparative trial of yoga and relaxation to reduce stress and anxiety. Complement Ther Med. 2007;15(2):77-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2006.05.001.

Bensoussan A, Eslick G, Tang B, Howe P, Nowson CA, Smith C, et al. ASMI Research Project: Systematic review and meta analysis > calcium supplements alone or with vitamin D for preventative treatment of osteoporotic fractures in older people > fish oil supplements alone or with statins to improve lipid levels. Campbelltown, NSW, Australia: Centre for Complementary Medicine Research 2007 21 April 2007.

2006

Smith CA, Coyle ME. Recruitment and implementation strategies in randomised controlled trials of acupuncture and herbal medicine in women's health. Complementary Ther Med. 2006;14(1):81-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2005.07.004.

Smith CA, Collins CT, Cyna AM, Crowther CA. Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2006(4). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003521.pub2.

Smith C, Martin K, Wache D. Evolving professional demands facing practitioners of complementary and alternative therapies: An educational opportunity. ANZAHPE. 2006;7(3):34-9.

Smith C, Eckert K. Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine and use among children in South Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2006;42:538 - 43. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2006.00918.x.

Smith C, Coyle M, Norman RJ. Influence of acupuncture stimulation on pregnancy rates for women undergoing embryo transfer. Fertil Steril. 2006;85(5). DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2005.12.015.

Semple SJ, Hotham E, Rao D, Martin K, Smith CA, Bloustien GF. Community pharmacists in Australia: Barriers to information provision on complementary and alternative medicines. Pharm World Sci. 2006;28(6):366-73. DOI: 10.1007/s11096-006-9058-y.

2005

Zhu X, Bensoussan A, Smith CA. Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2005.

Smith CA. Can acupuncture contribute to the multi-disciplinary care of the patient with diabetic peripheral neuropathy? An overview of the current literature. Australasian Journal of Podiatric Medicine. 2005;39(2):41-4. DOI: 10.2274/1328-0694.39.2.1106.

Smith C, Martin K, Hotham E, Semple S, Bloustien G, Rao D. Naturopaths practice behaviour: Provision and access to information on complementary and alternative medicines. BMC Complem Altern M. 2005;5(15 ). DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-5-15.

Smith C, Hancock H. Stress, anxiety and health status of participants volunteering for an Australian study for stress management. Int JNM. 2005.

Coyle M, Smith C, Peat B. Moxibustion for breech presentation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2005.

Coyle M, Smith C. A comparison of western medical health status and TCM diagnosis in women undergoing assisted reproduction. Acupunct Med. 2005.

2004

Vickers AJ, Rees RW, Zollman CE, McCarney R, Smith CM, Ellis N, et al. Acupuncture for chronic headache in primary care: Large, pragmatic, randomised trial. BMJ. 2004;328(7442):744. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.38029.421863.EB.

Smith CA, Crowther CA. Acupuncture for induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2004(1). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002962.pub2.

Smith C, Crowther C, Willson K, Hotham N, McMillian V. A randomized controlled trial of Ginger to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2004;103(4):639-45. DOI: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000118307.19798.ec.

Gaffney L, Smith CA. Use of complementary therapies in pregnancy: The perceptions of obstetricians and midwives in South Australia. ANZJOG. 2004;44(1):24-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2004.00161.x.

Gaffney L, Smith C. The views of pregnant women towards the use of complementary therapies and medicines. Birth Issues. 2004;8.

2003

Smith CA. Homoeopathy for induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2003(4). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003399.

2002

Smith CA, Crowther C, Beilby J. Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: A randomized controlled trial. Birth. 2002;29(1).

Smith C, Crowther C, Beilby J. Pregnancy outcome following women's participation in a randomised controlled trial of acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. Complementary Ther Med. 2002;10(2):78-83. DOI: 10.1054/ctim.2002.0523.

Smith C, Crowther C. The placebo response and effect of time in a trial of acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. Complementary Ther Med. 2002;10(4):210-6. DOI: 10.1016/s0965-2299(02)00072-9.

Proctor M, Smith C, Farquhar C, Stones W. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2002. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002123.

Conferences

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS INVITED SPEAKER

1. The role of acupuncture with pain management for women with period pain.  International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium,  Tokyo, Japan, Oct 3-5, 2014.

2. The use of moxibustion for women with a breech presentation. World Federation of Acupuncture Societies, Brisbane 2013.

3. The use of acupuncture in the treatment of infertility. Fertility Society of Australia, Auckland 2012.

4. The effects of acupuncture on post cancer fatigue and wellbeing for women recovering from breast cancer: a feasibility randomised controlled trial. Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine conference, Brisbane 2012.

5. Equity Issues in complementary medicine.  Complementary Medicines and Policy. Symposium, University Western Sydney.

6. Using outcome measures in clinical practice, New Zealand Register of Acupuncturists, November 2011, Auckland and Wellington.

7. Complementary Therapies and Cancer Support Services. MacAurthur Cancer Therapy Support Centre, South Western Sydney Area Health Authority. October 2011, Sydney.

8. The effect of acupuncture on psychosocial outcomes for women experiencing infertility: findings from a pilot randomised controlled trial   Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association,   Perth, 2011.

9. Understanding women's views towards the use of acupuncture for women undergoing IVF, Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association, Melbourne, 2009.

10. Conducting clinical trials of acupuncture. Fertility Society of Australia, Brisbane 2008.

11. Acupuncture: research applications in obstetrics and gynaecology. Australian Society for Psycho-Social Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2008, Adelaide.

12. The use of acupuncture and the older woman. Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association National Conference, 2008, Sydney.

13. Status and Future of Acupuncture Research: 10 Years Post-NIH Consensus Conference. 2007, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.

14.  Acupuncture administered at the time of embryo transfer: the effect on reproductive outcomes. Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association National Conference, Brisbane, 2007.

15. Influence of acupuncture stimulation on pregnancy rates for women undergoing embryo transfer.  AACMA National Conference, Adelaide, May 2006.

16. Undertaking acupuncture clinical research in women's health: trials and tribulations.  WFAS 2004, 29-31 October 2004, Gold Coast.

17. The safety and effectiveness of acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: findings from a randomised controlled trial.  Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine: a focus on     women's health, December 2002, Sydney.

18. Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: findings from a randomised controlled trial.  Grand Round.  Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, 15th May 2002.

19. Clinical experience and update on research.  Chinese Medicine Unit, University of Western Sydney, April, 2002, Sydney.

20. Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: findings from a randomised controlled trial.  British Medical Acupuncture Society. October 6th  2001, London UK.

ABSTRACTS CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS

1. Barr K, Smith CA, de Lacey S. Participation in a randomised controlled trial of acupuncture as an adjunct to in vitro fertilisation: The views of patients and acupuncturists. The Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association, Adelaide, May, 2015.

2. Smith CA, Fogarty S. What do patients understand about their participation in the IVF acupuncture multi-centre randomised controlled trial?  The 5th Congress of the Asia Pacific Initiative on Reproduction, Brisbane, 4-6 April 2014.

3. Smith CA. Acupuncture practices for infertility in Australia and New Zealand. Fertility Society of Australia, 1-4 September, 2013, Sydney.

4. Smith CA, Pirotta M, Kilbreath S. The role of acupuncture with the treatment of arm lympoedema following breast cancer. International Congress on Complementary Medicine April 11-14, 2013, London.

5. Smith CA, Ussher J, Perz, J, Carmady B. The effects of acupuncture on post cancer fatigue and wellbeing for women recovering from breast cancer: a feasibility randomised controlled trial. Integrative Health and Medicine,  Portland, Oregon, USA, 2012. Integrative Health and Medicine,  Portland, Oregon, USA, 2012.

6. Betts D, Smith CA, Dahlen HG. Current practice amongst acupuncturists treatment miscarriage in Australia and New Zealand. Integrative Health and Medicine,  Portland, Oregon, USA, 2012. Integrative Health and Medicine,  Portland, Oregon, USA, 2012

7. Do, C, Smith CA, Dahlen, H, Bissets A, Schmied V. Moxibustion for cephalic version: a feasibility study. A Midwifery Odessey, October 2011.

8. Smith CA, Lyttleton J, Chapman M, Sacks M. Acupuncture and reproductive health outcomes: building evidence in an integrated care setting. Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association, Perth, 2011.

9. Do, C, Smith CA, Dahlen, H, Bissets A, Schmied V. Moxibustion for cephalic version: a feasibility study. PSANZ 2011. Hobart.

10. Smith CA, Ussher J, Perz, J, S de Lacey. The effect of acupuncture on psychosocial outcomes for women experiencing infertility: findings from a pilot pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Fertility Society of Australia, October 2010, Adelaide.

11. Smith CA, Hay P, MacPherson H.  Acupuncture to treat depression: an update of the Cochrane systemic review. ICCMR 2010, Tromso Norway.

12. Smith CA, Ussher J, Perez J The effect of acupuncture on psychosocial outcomes for women experiencing infertility: findings from a pilot pragmatic randomised controlled trial.  ICCMR 2010, Tromso Norway.

13. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Collins CT, Coyle ME.  Acupuncture to induce labour: findings from a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2009 45: Sup 1A190.

14. Smith CA, de Lacey S. Understanding women's views towards the use of acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine for women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF), or natural fertility treatment: a qualitative study. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2009 45: Sup 1A071.

15. Kovarova P, Smith CA, Turnbull D.  The effects of acupuncture treatment on infertility self efficacy. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2009 45: Sup 1 P141

16. Smith CA, Coyle ME, Norman R. Influence of acupuncture stimulation on pregnancy rates for women undergoing embryo transfer.  Alternative and Complementary Health Research network, annual conference, The University of Nottingham, England, July4-6 2006.

17. Smith CA.  Acupuncture to treat depression: current evidence and future directions.  AACMA 13-15th May 2005, Melbourne.

18. Smith CA, Martin KL. Evolving professional demands facing Traditional Chinese Medicine practitioners: an educational opportunity. WFAS 2004, 29-31 October 2004, Gold Coast.

19. Smith CA, Horn CA. Respecting and celebrating diversity, the place of Five Element Acupuncture with enhancing health. WFAS 2004, 29-31 October 2004, Gold Coast.

20. Coyle ME, Smith CA. An evaluation of the validity and reliability of the placebo needle: findings from a randomised controlled trial. WFAS 2004, 29-31 October 2004, Gold Coast.

21. Coyle ME, Smith CA. Acupuncture to increase pregnancy rates for women undergoing IVF: findings from a traditional diagnosis in a randomized controlled trial.  WFAS 2004, 29-31 October 2004, Gold Coast.

22. Smith CA.  The safety of acupuncture in pregnancy.  The First world Congress on Chinese Medicine, Melbourne, 21-24 November 2003.

23. Smith CA, Crowther CA.  The use of acupuncture and ginger to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy.  Complementary medicine and women's health: evidence for integration.  The Prince of Wales Foundation for Integrated Health, London July 2003.

24. CT Collins, CA Smith, A Back, CA Crowther.  Women's views of acupuncture to induce post-term labour. The 5th Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association, Sydney, May, 2003. Oral presentation.

25. Smith CA, Collins CT, Crowther CA, Cyna A.  Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour: a Cochrane systematic review.  The 7th Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 9-12 2003, Hobart. Oral presentation.

26. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Wilson K, Hotham N, McMillan V. Comparison of ginger and vitamin B6 for treating nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: a randomised equivalence trial. The 7th Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 9-12 2003, Hobart. Poster presentation.

27. Smith CA, Crowther, Wilson K, Hiller J, Doyle LW, Haslam RR. Placental transfer of magnesium sulphate: a randomised controlled trial.  The 7th Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 9-12 2003, Hobart. Poster presentation.

28. Gaffney L, Smith CA.  Complementary and alternative medicine in pregnancy: the use and views of women in South Australia.  The 7th Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 9-12 2003, Hobart. Poster presentation.

29. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Beilby J. Dandeux J. Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: findings from a randomised controlled trial.  The 4th Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association, Adelaide, May, 2002. Oral presentation.

30. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Beilby J. Dandeux J. Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: findings from a randomised controlled trial.  International Scientific Conference on Complementary, Alternative and Integrative Medical Research, 12-14 April 2002, Boston, Mass, USA. Oral presentation.

31. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Beilby J. Dandeux J. Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: findings from a randomised controlled trial.  The Sixth Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 10-13 2002, Christchurch, New Zealand.  Oral presentation.

32. Smith CA, Crowther CA. Homoeopathy for induction of labour: a Cochrane systematic review.  The Sixth Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 10-13 2002, Christchurch, New Zealand.  Poster presentation.

33. Smith CA, Crowther CA. The credibility of the control arm in a trial evaluating acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. The Fifth Australasian Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine Conference, 9th September 2001, University of Technology, Sydney. Oral presentation.

34. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Beilby J, Dandeux J.  The impact of nausea and vomiting on women: a burden of early pregnancy. The Fourth Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 12-15 2000, Brisbane.

35. Smith CA, Crowther CA. Induction of labour by acupuncture in women with a post term pregnancy: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.  The Third Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Congress, March 21-24 1999, Melbourne.

36. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Beilby J. Women's experiences of nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. The Second Perinatal Society of Australia & New Zealand Congress; March 29-1 April 1998, Alice Springs.

37. Smith CA, Crowther CA, Wilkinson. Knee Chest Postural Management for breech at term: a randomised controlled trial.  The Second Perinatal Society of Australia & New Zealand Congress; March 29-1 April 1998, Alice Springs.

38. Smith CA.  Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. The Third Australasian Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine Conference, 13 July 1997, University of Technology, Sydney.

39. Smith CA, Crowther CA.  Poster Presentation Adolescent Pregnancy an Audit of Compliance with Hospital Guidelines.  Australian Perinatal Society, Adelaide.  March 1996.

40. Smith CA, Crowther CA.  Poster Presentation.  A Survey on Perinatal Protocols and Guidelines for Clinical Management.  Australian Perinatal Society, Adelaide.  March 1996.

41. Smith CA.  Poster Presentation.  Measuring the Health Status of Wheelchair Users.  10th International Symposium Quality in Health Care, Venice, May 1994.

42. Smith CA.  The Development of An Audit Tool for the Provision and Assessment of Wheelchairs: Preliminary Findings.  Quality in Disablement Services Conference, Birmingham, UK, October 1993.

43. Smith CA.  Audit of Wheelchair Services, Obtaining the Users View.  National Conference of the Posture and Mobility Group, University of Swansea, April 1993.

44. Smith CA.  A National System for Measuring Patient Satisfaction in the United Kingdom.  8th International Symposium on Quality Assurance, Washington DC.  May 1991.

45. Smith CA.  Using Patient Information to Influence Standard of Health Care.  International Symposium on Quality in Health Care, Sweden.  June 1990.